1600 - WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MAY HAVE SMOKED CANNABIS
“Thackeray et al. reported in the South African Journal of Sciencethe results of chemical analyses of plant residues in ‘tobacco pipes’ from Stratford-upon-Avon and environs, dating to the early 17th century… The pipe bowls and stems had been obtained by Thackeray on loan from the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust in Stratford-upon-Avon. Several of the pipes had been excavated from the garden of William Shakespeare.
Results of this study (including 24 pipe fragments) indicated Cannabis in eight samples, nicotine (from tobacco leaves of the kind associated with Raleigh) in at least one sample, and (in two samples) definite evidence for Peruvian cocaine…
Thackeray (unpublished manuscript) suggests that Shakespeare preferred Cannabis as a stimulant which had mind-stimulating properties.”
Shakespeare, Plants, and Chemical Analysis of Early 17th Century Clay ‘Tobacco’ Pipes from Europe South African Journal of Science, July 2015